In most areas of agriculture, males and female animals play a different role on the farm. Only female dairy animals produce milk, so thus the role of male dairy animals differs. Both of them are very important, treated with the same respect and zero tolerance for animal abuse or neglect.
Not all dairy bull calves are turned into veal. In all actuality, most in Alberta dairy bull calves go to farms where they are raised as beef animals, not veal. Depending on their genetics, they may also be used for breeding purposes and help improve herds around the world. So because dairy farms only deal with female cows, the male calves simply fulfil their role in another industry.
No matter what role each animal plays on the farm, they all must be treated respectfully and with top animal care. Dairy Farmers of Canada and the National Farm Animal Care Council have collaborated with scientists and government experts and the Canadian Federation of Humane Societies to update the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Dairy Cattle. The Code meets or exceeds the majority of the standards of humane livestock treatment expected by the food industry and society. There are laws in Canada on the treatment and care of dairy cattle. Enforcement of animal care and handling regulations is a joint responsibility of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, provincial departments of agriculture and the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
Alberta Milk puts a high priority of on advancing animal welfare. We do this through investing in welfare research at the top universities across Canada, hosting training workshops across the province, working closely with the Alberta SPCA and being a founding member of the Alberta Farm Animal Care organization and sharing new information about animal care with our producers.